Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) is a high quality methodology to manage failure behavior of complex processes. RCM is mostly used for high critical systems. The result of RCM is a maintenance concepts that covers the current failure behavior as described in the FMEA (Failure Mode Effect Analysis). The maintenance concept must be nested into a maintenance plan in order to upgrade the maintenance program in your CMMS.
RCM is standardized worldwide in accordance with SAE JA1011 and SAE JA1012. (https://www.sae.org). You can buy the standards here:
In order to execute RCM correctly, a team of highly experienced people is needed which have updated knowledge of the failure behavior of the system being analyzed. Most experience is found in all operational departments that work daily with the system and have a direct effect on failure behavior. These people work together in a RCM workgroup and use RCM to define that failure behavior and develop the maintenance concept using RCM. The workgroup is managed by a RCM facilitator. The group is at least certified to a RCM level 1 to be able to execute RCM the right way and to define the failure behavior using the 34 RCM definitions. These RCM definitions are crucial for applying RCM because if you understand the definitions you are able to understand the logic behind failure failure behavior and do something about it. It also helps to communicate about failure behavior effectively.
In accordance with these standards there are different levels for people who apply RCM professionally. The background of this is that RCM can only be applied correctly by people who have shown that they have a certain level of knowledge in the field of RCM.
RCM is a team approach. That team uses the RCM methodology to analyze a process with the goal of developing a maintenance concept that covers the current failure behavior. But failure behavior in dynamic production processes is not static. Failure behavior is changing all the time. It is dynamic due to:
If failure behavior changes, the FMEA must be updated. The updated FMEA is used to update the maintenance concept > maintenance plan > maintenance program so you are continuously able to cover the current failure behavior that affects cost, risk, availability, reliability, quality, efficiency, …
If RCM is applied correctly a second facilitator runs the RCM review group. This is the opposition of the RCM workgroup.
The following RCM Levels are used worldwide.
The RCM workgroup consists of people who have a lot of current knowledge and experience of the failure behaviour of the process to be analyzed. They answer the questions of the RCM facilitator.
The RCM facilitator is highly trained in the RCM method and knows the pitfalls, tips and tricks and guides the workgroup to efficiently and effectively develop the maintenance concept. The RCM facilitator knows the interval formulas and will nest the maintenance concept into a maintenance plan.
The RCM Teacher may train and supervise participants to RCM Level 1 and RCM Level 2.
The RCM examiners are chosen from the group of RCM teachers. They have a long RCM track record and have made a special contribution to the application of RCM. RCM examiners are highly respected RCM experts.
European Reliability Centre (ERC) B.V. offers these certified RCM trainings according to the international RCM standards. Contact us for more information.